ASIC Design: What Is ASIC Design? | System To ASIC (2022)

In this article, we’ll go over the ASIC design modeling process, gate-level physical design, and its specifications.

Table Of Contents

  1. What Is ASIC Design
  2. ASIC Specification
  3. Logic Design
  4. Physical Design
  5. Additional Resources

What Is ASIC Design?

ASIC design is a methodology of cost and size reduction of an electronic circuit, product or system through miniaturization and integration of individual components and their functionality into a single element – an Application Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC).

An electronic product commonly consists of many integrated circuits (ICs) which are interconnected together to perform a particular function. For example, a 1980’s smoke detector was built entirely of general-purpose ICs, such as amplifiers, comparators, regulators and discrete components such as resistors and capacitors.

It was expensive (component cost and assembly cost) and bulky (all those components required space). As competition intensified, the requirement for lower cost and smaller size drove the need for consolidation and integration of all those individual components into a single ASIC, reducing not only overall cost and size of the smoke detector but also improving its reliability (fewer parts, fewer things to go wrong).

Recently, VLSI CMOS has played a crucial role in placing millions of transistors on a single chip, providing digital system designers with an ability to implement a vast number of gates with complex functionality on a single IC.

ASIC Design: What Is ASIC Design? | System To ASIC (1)

(Video) What is an ASIC?

According to Moore’s Law, the number of gates or transistors doubles after every 18 months and is growing to extremely high densities per IC. Rapidly growing technology in logic, parallelization, CAD tools, and memory promises continued advancement in the next 15 years. With the help of CAD tools, high-level descriptions can be translated into specific functions such as registers, microcontrollers, ALU, control units and more.

ASIC Design: What Is ASIC Design? | System To ASIC (2)

Modern ASICs combine multiple complex blocks in a single package, including analog elements such as an amplifier, ADC, PLL and digital elements such as a microcontroller, OTP, ROM, EEPROM, RAM, and other building blocks. These types of ICs are known as system on chip (SoC). The analog section of the ASIC is designed using primarily transistor-level design techniques and manual layout processes. The digital section of the chip is designed primarily using hardware description languages such as VHDL/Verilog followed by automated Place and Route (PnR) layout process.

There are three types of ASIC chip designs:

  • Full Custom Design
  • Semi-Custom Design
  • Programmable ASIC

Some examples of ASIC chips include chips in the consumer, medical, automotive, and industrial sectors. ICs that are not ASICs are general-purpose ICs such as voltage regulators, stand-alone memories (EEPROM, RAM)

Year199519982001200420072010
Feature size (μm)0.350.250.180.130.100.07
5M14M26M50M210M430M
DRAM bits/chip64M256M1G4G16G64G
Number of I/O90013502000260036004800
Chip-to-board speed150200250300375475
Maximum number of wiring levels (logic)4-555-666-77-8
On-chip speed (MHz)30045060080010001100

The evolution of VLSI as told by the Semiconductor Industries Association

What Is A Specification?

An ASIC specification is a document that lists how a device needs to function and perform in various operational situations such as tithe specification phase is an extremely significant part of the design and development process. As technology becomes more advanced and entrenched in every aspect of life, customers are expecting new features and design improvements from their devices, including high-speed processing and low power consumption. A top-down design approach is employed to navigate and manage complexities of the ASIC design process, and as a first step, dictates the development of a proper detailed specification. A thoroughly crafted working specification helps guide the design process, with the project less prone to errors disruptive to project schedule and cost.

(Video) ASIC Design Flow | How a chip is designed??

It is very important that an expert in ASIC system design assists customers in developing system architecture and specifications. This extensive process takes around 2 to 6 weeks depending upon the complexity of the application requirements. The specification process is followed by:

  1. Reviewing the block diagram, system schematics, and specifications
  2. Developing an understanding related to design problems, operating environment, and challenges
  3. Making a decision related to the final product, not only ASICs
  4. Determining if any certification is required in the product such as IEC, TS compliance
  5. Designing or compiling the ASIC block diagram with full functional components, specifications, and pinout
  6. Deciding board-level architectural trade-offs that lead to the most cost-effective silicon integration

What Is Logic Design?

Logic design for an ASIC begins with the design team analyzing the functional specification in order to define and create a logic design architecture. The architecture definition includes a block diagram that provides details about functional relationships between digital logic such as, finite state machines, combinational logic, sequential logic, processors, memories, data path design, communication buses, and the connections between them.

Once the architecture definition is in place, the next step is to describe detailed functionality of the blocks and connection between the respective functional blocks. Description of logic design functionality is accomplished using either a graphical depiction (schematic), or more commonly, and particularly with large systems, a purpose-specific hardware definition language (HDL code) such as Verilog and VHDL.

HDL code can be written at different levels of abstraction from transistor level logic depending on the chosen design flow and development needs. Very large systems and or complicated systems will start at the behavioral level. Behavioral is the highest level of abstraction from a gate to gate-level description and is often coded in languages such as System Verilog, Verilog, VHDL, and C. Behavioral level coding generally cannot be directly synthesized to gate-level logic but is useful for modeling and verification.

Register-Transfer Level (RTL) coding is abstracted from a gate-level description for increased coding efficiency but is synthesizable with EDA (Electronic Design Automation) tools to produce gate level and ultimately transistor-level implementations. RTL code describes the desired hardware by implying logic, by defining flip-flops, latches, and how data is transferred between them. Synthesis of RTL code utilizes the power of advanced EDA tool capabilities to, create, alter, and optimize the logic used for implementation, but not functional behavior.

Gate level coding is the least abstracted from transistor level logic. Gate level coding describes the design using the base logic gates, NAND, NOR, AND, OR, MUX, FLIP-FLOP. It does not need to be synthesized and has the lowest level of abstraction. Gate level coding is useful for smaller less complicated designs or designs that require very specific implementation for performance but does not offer the design efficiency that comes with higher levels of abstraction in concert with sophisticated EDA (Electronic Design Automation) tools.

The design team will also provide an estimate of the on-die block area required for implementation, and other details affecting the cost and power usage of the digital logic system.

(Video) STA in ASIC design flow | Accuracy of STA

Verification

The logical design is verified for matching of original design intent and implementation at several stages throughout the design process to ensure an accurate successful ASIC outcome. The verification process includes applying test cases to the detailed design description and confirming that the expected behavior is achieved. Verification is also carried out at additional stages of the design, using sophisticated EDA tools to compare gate-level netlists to the design description and actual layout implementation to the synthesized netlist. If any verification test fails along the way, the design is sent back for correction to the design department responsible for that particular part of the implementation. Continual design and implementation verification throughout the development process catch errors and design deficiencies before they become costly time-consuming mistakes.

Design Synthesis

Design synthesis is the process of translating the logical design into a gate-level netlist that can then be implemented as a physical silicon structure. The logical design and its detailed description are technology-independent until the synthesis process. The synthesis process uses advanced EDA tools that are aware of the capabilities and limitations of the target technology (FAB process) that the high-level abstracted design is being ported to. Design synthesis output is technology-dependent, tailored to the target ASIC process.

ASIC Design: What Is ASIC Design? | System To ASIC (3)

Image Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons

What Is Physical Design?

Physical design (also known as back-end design) is the process of converting the gate-level netlist produced at synthesis into functional ASIC hardware. Physical design steps include floor planning, power planning, partitioning, placement, routing, clock tree synthesis, final verification, and export as a GDSII file to the fabrication facility for construction. A number of high-level EDA tools from various vendors such as Cadence, Synopsis, Magma, Mentor Graphics are available to facilitate back-end design. They each have their strengths and weaknesses and are sometimes used in concert to achieve an efficient implementation path with optimal results.

Floorplan

Floorplanning is the process of placing functional blocks in the chip area so as to allocate routing areas between them, plan for critical power and ground connections, and determine Input / Output (IO) pad locations. A good floorplan will balance design constraints to minimize total die area, optimize signal routing channels for ease of layout and signal performance, and relative placement of functional blocks to minimize interference and preserve signal integrity. Careful floorplanning is key to how well the rest of the physical design process flows.

Partitioning

Partitioning (logical partitioning) is the process of dividing the chip into small blocks. The objective of partitioning is to make the functional block easier for placement and routing. This step can be done in the logical design phase when the design team divides the entire design into sub-blocks for development, or at the physical design (back-end) phase to aid in place and route activities focused on routing channels, signal integrity, and dies utilization.

(Video) ASIC Design Flow | RTL to GDS | Chip Design Flow

Power Planning

Power planning takes into account the energy usage of each block, individual voltage supplies, ground paths, and interaction between them. Power Planning is one of the most important stages in Physical design. It is actually an integral part of the floorplanning process, but due to its significance in ASIC performance and function, it is often addressed as a separate stage of consideration.

During power planning, location for ground and power rings, cross die trunks, and isolated routes for sensitive circuits are allocated. Constraints for internal core ASIC circuitry and I/O cell power management are treated separately because they often have different demands. Special power pads are used for positive supply, ground, and negative supply. Multiple power and ground pads are often used to reduce the series resistivity and inductive impedance that affects, voltage drop, signal integrity, and high-speed performance.

Placement

Placement is the process of dividing the chip into smaller blocks by placing the correct position to standard cells with none overlapping on the chip. Placement is performed in four optimization phases: pre-placement, in-placement, and post-placement before and after clock tree synthesis.

Clock Tree Synthesis

ASIC Design: What Is ASIC Design? | System To ASIC (4)

Clock tree synthesis is the process of ensuring that clock signals are distributed evenly to all sequential elements in a design with the primary objective of preventing clock timing-related errors. Clocking of gates in high-speed designs are subject errors as a result of the clock edge not arriving at the exact time it is expected relative to when it arrived at other parts of the circuit. This timing error is called clock skew and is dependant on a number of variables both in the original design and in physical implementation.

Clock tree synthesis performed during the physical design process considers the effects of place and route, channel impedance, parasitic loads, etc. Then through the insertion of buffers or inverters along the clock paths to minimize or balance skew of important clock signal chains, build a clock tree that achieves proper timing across the entire design.

Routing

Routing is the process of connecting macros, standard cells, I/O ports, power, and the clock physically with metal traces. Routing is divided into two steps: global and detailed routing. In global routing, trace or wire length, and route channel congestion are estimated. In detailed routing, the actual connections within each block are made.

(Video) ASIC in VLSI Design || Types of ASIC

DFM

Design For Manufacture is paramount to achieve production yield and part reliability. As ASIC designs become larger and more complex and process technologies become more intricate, it is important that key factors such as process limitations, parameter repeatability, environmental and signal stresses are considered and factored to increase the probability of successful part to part results. Factoring of process and use constraints to increase yield, decrease test time, and other processing concerns are what is termed design-for-manufacture (DFM). DFM can often be the difference between a successful ASIC project that meets cost, reliability, and production goals versus one that falls short.

Additional Resources

In June 2021, Google replaced millions of Intel’s CPU with home grown chips. This article provides and overview of the new ASIC developed by team Google to help optimizing the performance of YouTube servers. A custom-made ASIC (chip) rather than a general purpose ASIC (CPU), is design specifically by Google to perform a number specific

They can be created from scratch to fit a very specific need or application, by creating a single IC with all the components needed (the resulting IC is called an SoC or System-on-Chi p).. As for the manufacturing of ASICs, there are three routes that can be chosen: standard-cell design, gate-array/semi-custom design and full-custom design.. The standard cells are placed on their corresponding spot on the IC such as the placement is optimally done.. As for gate-arrays and semi-custom design, it has certain benefits beyond the standard cells, but it comes at the cost of longer design and development cycles.. The disadvantages associated with this method of designing ASICs are the increased manufacturing and design times, increased engineering costs, added complexity on the CAD (Computer-Assisted Design) and EDA (Electronic Design Automation) systems, requiring a more qualified and experienced team of designers and engineers.

Build a professional asic design engineer resume in minutes. Browse through our resume examples to identify the best way to word your resume. Then choose from 5+ resume templates to create your asic design engineer resume.

In this excerpt that we gathered from a asic design engineer resume, you'll understand why: "electrical and electronics engineers must apply their knowledge to new tasks in every project they undertake" According to resumes we found, initiative can be used by a asic design engineer in order to "coordinated with the management and the product development team to implement continuous improvement initiatives. ". This resume example is just one of many ways asic design engineers are able to utilize interpersonal skills: "handled engineering design calculations with strong interpersonal and problem-solving skills. ". This skill is very critical to fulfilling every day responsibilities as is shown in this example from a asic design engineer resume: "electrical and electronics engineers work closely with other engineers and technicians" This example from a resume shows how this skill is used: "developed, edited, and presented end-user training on microsoft office and autocad applications to corporate staff. ". Those asic design engineers who do attend college, typically earn either a electrical engineering degree or a computer engineering degree.. Less commonly earned degrees for asic design engineers include a electrical engineering technology degree or a engineering degree.. When you're ready to become an asic design engineer, you might wonder which companies hire asic design engineers.. According to our research through asic design engineer resumes, asic design engineers are mostly hired by Facebook, Qualcomm, and NVIDIA.. On average, the engineering trainees annual salary is $49,017 lower than what asic design engineers make on average every year.. Even though asic design engineers and engineering trainees have vast differences in their careers, a few of the skills required to do both jobs are similar.. On average, project controls engineers earn a $22,567 lower salary than asic design engineers a year.. Asic design engineers and project controls engineers both include similar skills like "ethernet," "i/o," and "spi" on their resumes.. Project controls engineers may earn a lower salary than asic design engineers, but project controls engineers earn the most pay in the energy industry with an average salary of $94,074.. The difference in salaries is senior controls engineers making $1,954 lower than asic design engineers.. While looking through the resumes of several asic design engineers and senior controls engineers we discovered that both professions have similar skills.. While both asic design engineers and radio frequency engineers complete day-to-day tasks using similar skills like vlsi, power analysis, and pcb, the two careers also vary in other skills.

ASIC Design Flow Quick Guide – Learn about low power design of an IC (ASIC) from specification to silicon tapeout in VLSI engineering services.

The ASIC design flow and its various steps in VLSI engineering that we describe below are based on best practices and proven methodologies in ASIC chip designs.. This blog attempts to explain different steps in the ASIC design flow, starting from ASIC design concept and moving from specifications to benefits.. To ensure successful ASIC design, engineers must follow a proven ASIC design flow which is based on a good understanding of ASIC specifications, requirements, low power design and performance, with a focus on meeting the goal of right time to market.. Every stage of ASIC design cycle has EDA tools that can help to implement ASIC design with ease.. ASIC design flow is a mature and silicon-proven IC design process which includes various steps like design conceptualization, chip optimization, logical/physical implementation, and design validation and verification.. Engineers aim to verify correctness of the code with the help of test vectors and trying to achieve it by 95% coverage test.. Functional simulation tools : After the testbench and design code, functional simulation verifies logical behavior and its implementation based on design entry.. Timing simulation tools : Verifies that circuit design meets the timing requirements and confirms the design is free of circuit signal delays.. Chip Partitioning This is the stage wherein the engineer follows the ASIC design layout requirement and specification to create its structure using EDA tools and proven methodologies.. Final Verification (Physical Verification and Timing) After routing, ASIC design layout undergoes three steps of physical verification, known as signoff checks.

Summary: The journey of designing an ASIC (application specific integrated circuit) is long and involves a number of major steps — moving…

For those changes, ASIC design flow adopted by engineers for efficient structured ASIC chip architecture and focus on its design functionalities. ASIC design flow is a mature and silicon-proven IC design process which includes various steps like design conceptualization, chip optimization, logical/physical implementation, and design validation and verification.. This is the stage wherein the engineer follows the ASIC design layout requirement and specification to create its structure using EDA tools and proven methodologies.. This is the stage where the design team and verification team come into the cycle where they generate RTL code using test-benches.. Engineers aim to verify the correctness of the code with the help of test vectors and trying to achieve it by 95% coverage test.. Functional simulation tools : After the testbench and design code, functional simulation verifies logical behavior and its implementation based on design entry.. Timing simulation tools : Verifies that circuit design meets the timing requirements and confirms the design is free of circuit signal delays.. Detailed Routing : In detailed routing, the actual delays of wire is calculated by various optimization methods like timing optimization, clock tree synthesis, etc.. After routing, ASIC design layout undergoes three steps of physical verification, known as signoff checks.

Application specific integrated circuits are highly specialized devices. Unlike other devices, ASICs are non- standard integrated circuits constructed

There are basically three types of ASIC chip designs: Full Custom Design, Semi-Custom Design and Programmable ASIC.. There are basically two types of semicustom ASICs: Standard Cell Based ASIC and Gate Array Based ASIC.. Standard Cell Based ASICs A standard cell based ASIC commonly uses predesigned logic cells like logic gates , flip flops, multiplexers, demultiplexers etc.. Usually gate array based ASIC designs are known popularly by the name Masked Gate Array .. Here the ASIC designer can choose predesigned logic cells from the gate array library for better and easy design.. Three types of Gate Array Based ASICs are: Channeled Gate Arrays, Channeless Gate Arrays and Structured Gate Array.. Structured Gate Array or Embedded Gate Array combines both the features of standard cell based and gate array based ASICs.

We explain the impact of Reset Domain Crossing (RDC) on ASIC design, and how chip design verification solutions help achieve pre-silicon RDC signoff.

A portion of the chip with a unique reset signal is called a reset domain, and a signal traveling from one reset domain to another creates an RDC.. ASIC developers need verification strategies to eliminate this class of problems at the pre-silicon phase.. So, while the basic problem is the same as CDC (inputs to flops change asynchronously to the clock and may violate input setup and hold times, leading to metastability), RDC is a fundamentally different problem that requires RDC engines to perform a different analysis from CDC engines.. RDC analysis tools need to be able to identify these functional mitigation features and eliminate all false negatives arising from RDC path analysis.. VC SpyGlass® RDC solves this problem as the analysis engines can identify RDC paths in the design across different depths of reset-less pipelines and can identify commonly used mitigation functionality in the design to minimize the reporting of false negatives that would otherwise increase the manual analysis required for RDC signoff.. RDC paths can propagate directly into clocks if the output from the reset flop propagates into clock gating cell inputs.. VC SpyGlass RDC uses smart grouping of output violations with multiple levels of grouping based on various fields like source/destination resets, clocks, or flops to reduce this manual analysis burden for the engineer.. As with VC SpyGlass® CDC and the other static verification solutions that form the Synopsys Verification Continuum® platform, VC SpyGlass RDC solves the challenges of scalability, performance, and debug productivity necessary to handle modern multi-billion gate ASIC designs.

The fundamental differences between FPGA and ASIC is programmability, per unit cost, and versatility.

Now, in the world of electronics, there are also conflicts between operating systems, gaming consoles, and even chip technology (FPGA vs. ASIC).. Furthermore, FPGA can cost you more overall since its individual costs are higher per unit than ASIC.. Whereas, with ASIC, it is more involved in terms of design flow because it is not reprogrammable, and it requires costly dedicated EDA tools for the design process.. FPGAs are not only flexible, but they also provide “hot-swappable” functionality that allows modification even while in use.. ASICs are designed for a specific and particular function and tend to be more permanent than FPGAs.. The rivalry between FPGA and ASIC can be decided by your design type (analog or digital), configuration requirements, and budget.

The key milestone in developing ASIC is taping it out on right time. In this blog, we will discuss several challenges and solutions that can be used to signoff the design like: Timing closure, pdv closure techniques, RPCT, and packaging complexity.

Let us take a look at some timing closure, pdv closure, testing, and packaging challenges and techniques, which can be used to signoff the design in an efficient way.. In lower technology node, the number of via layers stacking will be more.. STA Flow Static timing analysis is very important and faster way to analyze/verify all the timing paths at different stages of design.. Figure 3. shows the basic STA flow with all required inputs as well as outputs which will be feed to PNR tool to solve Timing Violations and DRVs.. For each violating path, we have to check for the cell delay.. The same ECO flow has been implemented in our design, the results and the effects are discussed in timing and pdv challenges section.

An introduction to RTL design that covers the concept of RTL design, RTL programming languages, RTL tools and more.

The article will also discuss RTL synthesis, RTL for synchronous and asynchronous design, RTL simulation, RTL in FPGA and ASIC and RTL design tools.. There are two elements in digital circuits: Sequential Circuit (Flip-Flop) and Combinational Circuit (Gates), with the help of these two elements, a digital designer can implement any circuit, i.e., adder, multiplier, counter, memories, and state machines.. RTL design convert this self-designing job to an easy automated process, in which a designer can write functionality of the design in the language of his choice, and a tool convert all of his design into the equivalent combinational and/or sequential circuit.. Figure 2 shows the combinational and sequential logic of the circuit explained in Figure 1.. This article will talk about the synthesizer briefly to understand the synthesizer’s role and how it converts the code into the circuit.. Synthesize tools can also do circuit optimization, power estimation, as well as timing analysis.. For digital design, timing analysis can be performed at three different levels of abstraction:. RTL level Gate level Layout level. Timing analysis at the layout level will always be more accurate, but it is an expensive and tedious job.. These tools support mixed-language: VHDL, Verilog, SystemVerilog Simulator, support for the latest Verification Libraries, including Universal Verification Methodology (UVM), supports the latest Xilinx, Intel, Microsemi FPGAs.. The advancement in the RTL languages RTL design flow is also part of the ASIC design flow.. Instead of designing the ASIC from scratch, which also involves writing the libraries, the designer can write the functionalities of these circuit in RTL and generate the gate-level netlist, that further used to make the layout for the ASIC design.. Figure 5 shows the design flow for ASIC and FPGA design.. Figure 5: RTL design flow for FPGA & ASIC

We explain clock domain crossing & common challenges faced during the ASIC design flow as chip designers scale up CDC verification for multi-billion-gate ASICs.

A modern multi-billion-gate ASIC, with hundreds of clocks and potentially millions of CDC clock crossings, might take days of compute time and require terabytes of memory to run a full-chip, flat-level CDC analysis.. A hierarchical, bottom-up approach allows you to run CDC analysis one block at a time, just as you would for synthesis and static timing analysis.. This way, CDC analysis can shift-left to earlier stages of the development flow, with an iterative approach to cleaning CDC issues as you go, block by block, and not leaving CDC analysis to be done just before release when fixing CDC bugs can be costly and disruptive.. Then, as you move up to the next level of hierarchy, you can substitute the cleaned blocks with abstract CDC models, containing only the clock paths that are relevant to the next level of integration, and abstracting away all internal-only clock crossing paths.. Synopsys VC SpyGlass® CDC supports an efficient hierarchical approach with the CDC signoff abstraction model (SAM) flow, which can yield 3x or greater turnaround time improvements with multi-factor reductions in memory requirements with no degradation of quality of results (QoR).. The next significant challenge with CDC analysis is the violations white noise problem.. VC SpyGlass CDC solves this white noise problem by using ML to perform root-cause analysis (RCA) on the violations output data.. This process of constraints refinement quickly iterates towards a huge reduction in violations and fast identification of genuine CDC issues that need to be fixed in the design.. Developers write the constraints and, of course, incorrect constraints could lead to incorrect CDC analysis, with genuine CDC violations being masked by a constraint error.. Although most CDC issues can be analyzed statically, there are some cases where a dynamic approach is necessary, such as more complex re-convergence scenarios that occur through much deeper paths within the design.. VC SpyGlass CDC generates a CDC database of metastability models that will dynamically inject random jitter at simulation runtime based on configurable probabilities.. VC SpyGlass CDC provides a comprehensive CDC signoff methodology with scalable performance and capacity and high debug productivity.

Both ASICs and FPGAs are used extensively in product designs and which path to take is a conundrum that designers are often faced with. It is only by examining each solution for each design with up to date information that a designer can make the appropriate selection.

Both are used extensively in product designs and which path to take is a conundrum that designers are often faced with.. It is only by examining each solution for each design with up to date information that a designer can make the appropriate selection.. A further complication is that the latter stages of the product life cycle are often based on forecasts, which can make designers more cautious and lead to a wrong selection and hence higher costs.. It is worth noting that FPGA and ASIC digital development will look very similar in the early stages, i.e. system and block design, partitioning and system modelling are common activities.. Before the product is launched there will be a product definition stage, where features will be defined as a wish list along with target product launch dates.. On the surface, a designer may think this would be best suited to an FPGA, as this will give quick access to a platform that the software developer can use and FPGA’s allow for a shorter development time.. Also any analogue functionality can be included in the ASIC design so giving a very cost effective solution.. A flexible approach is deemed to be FPGA, however, the ASIC development path does allow for devices to be held at various stages of production and hence modifications can be performed and a quick turn-around achieved.. If the product has gone through an extensive certification program as part of its development then replacing the part can lead to an expensive re-qualification exercise of the whole product, so it is important to take this phase into account when considering your development path.. FPGA’s are targeted at digital designs, some include programmable analogue blocks, but these will not match a correctly designed ASIC and it come down to what is acceptable in your design mandate.. If this is critical for your design it may well override the other decision factors, and mean an ASIC is the only solution for your product.. They still will not achieve the optimum design of an ASIC, but should also be reviewed as an option as part of the design process.. An FPGA is generally simpler to design but is more expensive by comparison in production.

The FortiGate 100F combines best-of-breed SD-WAN and security capabilities, powered by a purpose-built ASIC, to deliver a full SD-WAN solution designed for today’s WAN Edge.…

Oh, and they also need to do all of this securely, which requires constantly building and tearing down encrypted tunnels, applying a full range of security solutions to traffic to detect and prevent malicious activity, apply instant application identification and assessment, and inspecting encrypted traffic at digital business speeds—a CPU-intensive process that drives most security solutions to its knees.. And even when those connections are replaced with an SD-WAN solution, the promise of a fully connected branch is increasingly being restricted by the performance limitations of the SD-WAN solution in place—both in terms of raw bandwidth as well as its ability to manage the complex and dynamically changing meshed VPN overlay required to support dynamic and secure interconnectivity.. Fortinet’s SOC4 ASIC-powered network ensures that organizations also enjoy the highest quality experience for their business critical applications, enabling and accelerating SD-WAN, Advanced Routing, and Security to achieve the highest quality experience possible without any performance and security concerns.. It combines best-of-breed SD-WAN and security capabilities into a form factor that delivers 10x higher performance than the competition, while reducing the overall complexity of managing point products by consolidating both SD-WAN and NGFW capabilities into a single, high performance solution.. And for organizations looking to fully transform their SD-WAN to SD-Branch by connecting their WAN connection to their internal branch LAN, the SOC4 ASIC is also able to accelerate the extension of connectivity and security to the access layer (Wireless Access Points and Switches) to deliver SD-Branch for simplicity and transformation of the entire branch.. Organizations need a true SD-WAN solution designed to meet all of the demands of the new Wan Edge, including high-performance connections, fully integrated security, application-centric controls, WAN optimization, and routing that support the seamless connect of the WAN Edge to the local branch LAN.. The FortiGate 100F combines best-of-breed SD-WAN and security capabilities, powered by a purpose-built ASIC, to deliver a full SD-WAN solution designed for today’s WAN Edge, including 10x higher performance while reducing the overall complexity of managing point SD-WAN products.

An application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) miner is a computerized device designed for the sole purpose of mining a cryptocurrency.

So, a Bitcoin ASIC miner can mine only bitcoin.. One way to think about bitcoin ASICs is as specialized bitcoin mining computers, or “bitcoin generators," that are optimized to solve the mining algorithm.. Though this means that an ASIC miner could technically mine any other cryptocurrency that's based on the same algorithm, in reality, most miners who invest in ASIC hardware designed to mine bitcoin or Litecoin stick to mining that specific cryptocurrency.. Power consumption : The latest generation of ASIC machines are more energy-efficient than GPU rigs but consume tremendous power nevertheless.. Choosing a Bitcoin mining pool : Mining pools enable miners to combine the power of their ASIC miner rigs to mine bitcoin and share the rewards for successfully minted blocks.

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