Be it a team or an individual developer, they would like to build software applications in a way that offers the best experience to users. On that note, every developer strives hard to accurately choose the right tool to meet the application requirements and build effective applications. Choosing the right language or tool is a prime task for developers before beginning a software project to attain the desired outputs.
As we all know, Golang and C++ are the two widely used languages for software development. Sometimes, developers may confuse about which one to choose to write a program for building applications. Or they may be confused about which one is better than the other. If you are one among them, no worries. This blog unlocks the answer to this question.
Right! This blog compares Golang and C++ languages in terms of their features, pros and cons, similarities, and differences.
Golang Vs. C++ - Table Of Content
- Key features of Golang
- Advantages and Drawbacks of Golang
- Key features of C++
- Advantages and Drawbacks of C++
- Similarities between Golang and C++
- Main Differences between Golang and C++
Golang is an open-source, easy-to-learn, and multipurpose programming language developed by Google. Not just that, it is a simple, statically typed, and compiled programming language. Know that Golang is the latest language when compared to C++. Software developers prefer it since it has many features such as – simplicity, portability, performance, and readability. The great thing about Golang is that it has inbuilt concurrency options. In return, this feature helps simplify the scaling requirements of large-scale applications.
With Golang, you can build reliable and maintainable codes. That’s why it is primarily used for system programming. No wonder you can quickly build cloud applications using Golang since it uses low memory and CPU utilisation. Also, it is one of the preferred languages for web application development since it has capabilities such as – simple constructs and fast execution speed. Further, Golang is famous for writing codes for microservices and making command lines.
Who uses Golang?
Golang can be used for software development, server-side programming, cloud-based programming, game development, and many more. Also, companies such as Google, Cloudfare, MongoDB, Netflix, Dropbox, SoundCloud, Couchbase, Twitch, and Uber widely use Golang. What’s more! Applications such as Terraform, Docker, OpenShift, Kubernetes, and Juju are built by Golang.
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Here are a few main features of Golang that will help you know more about its capabilities of Golang.
Easy Development: Golang comes with a simple syntax. It is an easy-to-understand as well as easy-to-use language. That’s why it is known as a programmer-friendly language. With Golang, you can make rapid application development. And it can be done by integrating with debugging tools and deployment environments.
Speed of Compilation: Compilation speed is faster in Golang when compared with other programming languages such as Python, C++, and Java. No wonder you can compile Go codes within a few seconds. This is because of the simple syntax of the language. Once the compilation is over, you will get an executable binary file that won’t have any external dependencies at all. Generally, you can run compiled codes faster than interpreted codes. That’s why Golang achieves high execution speed.
Concurrency: It is a stellar feature of Golang. Golang uses a multi-core CPU setup to execute functions simultaneously. Additionally, Golang uses Goroutines and channels to run functions asynchronously. Know that Goroutines are lightweight tools used to support concurrency. And channels help Goroutines to communicate with each other. Moreover, you can scale applications efficiently using concurrency options.
Standard Library: Golang has a powerful standard library constructed of distributed packages. There are a lot of packages in the library that simplifies the process of writing codes for developers. The packages include HTTP Servers and clients, JSON/XML parsing, security/encryption functionalities, SQL Databases, and more. Mainly, this library eliminates developers’ dependency on third-party packages by providing all the packages required for developing programs.
Garbage Collection: It is one of the prime features of Golang. The garbage collection mechanism is used for making effective memory management. For this, Golang uses a mark and sweep collector. In a way, garbage collection eases the task of concurrent programming. In short, Golang helps to manage complex programs easily.
Golang has many advantages over other programming languages. Let’s take a look at them below:
- Golang has an easy learning curve
- Go codes are easily readable. Over and above, an easy-to-use tool
- Golang has good documentation, which will support developers significantly.
- It compiles and executes codes at speed
- Golang is portable. It means that it will work on all platforms
- It has automatic garbage collection
- It performs independent error handling
- Golang reduces runtime errors and dependencies.
- It has good memory safety and management
- Golang supports scalability
- It has a large user community.
Drawbacks of Golang:
No wonder Golang has a few drawbacks as well. Here is the list of drawbacks. Let’s have a look at them.
- Golang doesn’t support abstractions
- It doesn’t require Virtual Machines
- It lacks default values for arguments as well as function overheading
- It lacks generic programming
- Dependency management is not good in Golang
C++ is one of the general purpose, mid-level, and OOPS-based programming languages created in Bell laboratories. Know that it is the superset of the C language. In other words, it is the extension of the C language. C++ is an OOPS-based language that widely uses objects and functions in programs. With C++, you can create fast and portable programs for large-scale applications. It offers reasonable control over memory and system resources in addition to good flexibility and scalability. Furthermore, C++ is portable, so it can work on any platform seamlessly.
Who uses C++?
C++ can be used to develop software, GUIs, web browsers, databases, and game applications. And you can use the C++ language for desktop applications as well as graphics and image processing.
There are plenty of features available for C++. Following are a few key features of C++. Let’s learn them now.
OOPS-based language: As we all know, objects play a key role in OOPS-based languages. This way, C++ allows you to develop applications by managing objects effectively. As C++ is the OOPS-based language, it comes with the properties such as data abstraction, inheritance, encapsulation, and polymorphism. These properties help to increase the efficiency of programs.
Structured Language: Know that C++ has many functions, objects, and classes. Not just that, it supports many data types and operators too. That’s why it is known as the modular language. You can break the large-sized codes into small pieces to efficiently manage the codes. In a way, it helps to create clean codes. So, it allows you to understand the codes quickly and modify them as you wish.
Rich Library: C++ has a Standard Template Library (STL) that helps to write codes quickly. It has many inbuilt functions that header files can easily access. For example, you can get standard libraries for sets, hash tables, maps, and many more.
Memory Management: No wonder C++ allows allocating memory for variables as well as arrays during runtime. It is known as Dynamic Memory Allocation (DMA). Similarly, memory is deallocated if the used variable or array is no longer required. In this regard, you can use the new and delete operators to allocate and deallocate memories. Additionally, C++ supports both stack and heap storage. Here, the stack is used to allocate variables inside the functions. And heap storage is the unused memory that is allocated dynamically.
Pointers: Basically, Pointers store the memory address of variables. With pointers, you can directly interact with memory. Many issues that require memory access can be quickly resolved with pointers.
Multi-threading: C++ allows several parts or threads of programs to run simultaneously. Although C++ doesn't have the inbuilt functionalities for multi-threading, it allows using external libraries for multi-threading.
Integration and Scalability: As C++ is an OOPS-based language, it allows you to create programs that can be extended and maintained quickly. In other words, you can add new features to the programs while developing mobile applications, web browsers, games, and so on.
C++ comes with many advantages. Let’s see them below.
- C++ allows developers to write on any memory address with the support of pointers
- You can make effective memory management with the support of Dynamic Memory Allocation (DMA)
- C++ offers templates, namespaces, and function overheading, which helps to improvise the C++ programming
- Since C++ is OOPS-based, it supports abstraction, polymorphism, encapsulation, and inheritance, making the language reliable and reusable.
- C++ supports generic and imperative programming
- C++ is the language that is close to machine language
- The user community is prominent for C++. So, users can take great support from the community.
Drawbacks of C++
Every coin has two faces. On that note, when there are pluses, there will be some minuses, undoubtedly. This way, C++ has a few drawbacks as well. Let’s take a look at them below:
- It has complexity in dealing with memory
- C++ uses pointers, which are basically complex. Any misuse of pointers will lead to system crashes and abnormal memory consumption.
- C++ doesn’t use a garbage collector. Therefore, it is hard to filter unnecessary data.
- It is not a secure language because of the use of pointers and variables.
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Many similarities exist between Golang and C++. Below is the list of the similarities. Let’s go through them now.
- Golang and C++ are compiler-based languages
- They are the easy-to-learn as well as easy-to-use languages
- They have a rich and robust library
- Both are statically written languages
- They offer memory-safe feature
- Both the languages execute all types of operators
There are many differences exist between Golang and C++. Following are the listicles of the differences. Let’s see what they are:
Language: Golang is the procedural language, whereas C++ is the OOPS-based language. That’s why, Golang has no constructors, classes, and deconstructors, but C++ has all these things. Codes in C++ programs are usually lengthy, whereas it will be a few in Golang.
Syntax: Golang has a simple syntax. That’s why it is easily readable. On the other hand, syntax in C++ is a bit more complex than in Golang, which decreases the readability.
Generic Types: Golang doesn’t support generic programming. On the contrary, C++ supports generic programming. Mainly, generic programming is supported by class, function, and specialized templates.
Packages: Golang uses packages, whereas C++ uses header files. And C++ has template libraries, whereas Golang doesn't have templates. Also, C++ supports function overheading while Golang doesn’t support the same.
OOPS Concepts: C++ support OOPS concepts such as data abstraction, inheritance, encapsulation, and polymorphism. Not just that, it supports multiple inheritances, either. On the other side, Golang doesn’t support all these things.
Memory Management: Golang offers automatic garbage collection for memory management. On the other hand, C++ doesn’t have a garbage collection option. However, C++ uses a destructor to free up memory but doesn't handle objects safely.
Speed: Golang compiles codes faster than C++ since it has a simple syntax. Not only that, Golang compiles codes faster with the support of Garbage collectors, concurrency options, Goroutines, and multi-core CPUs. Besides, Golang uses Goroutines and channels for compilation, whereas C++ uses threads.
Security: C++ suffers from memory overflow because of buffer vulnerability. As a result, it leads to complications in performance. Golang, on the other hand, has built-in mechanisms that prevent buffer overflows.
Community: No doubt C++ has a large community than Golang simply because C++ is the oldest language out of the two languages.
The below comparison table will help you to get a quick overview of the differences between the two languages. Let’s have a look at the table.
|Language||Procedural based||OOPS based|
|Syntax||Simple||Bit complex than Golang|
|Generics||Support generic programming||Doesn’t support generic programming|
|Packages||Use packages only||Use header files, templates libraries|
|Memory Management||Use garbage collection||Doesn’t use garbage collection|
|Speed||Compiling speed is high||It is low|
|Security||Suffers from memory overflow issue||No memory overflow issue|
[ Related Article: Golang vs Python ]
At a glance, Golang is the language of simplicity, readability, and speed. On the other hand, C++ is the language of scalability, flexibility, and effective memory management. Golang has a simple syntax and uses a few codes for application development. On the contrary, C++ has a complex syntax and creates lengthy development code. While comparing the two languages, both of them have many pros and cons, undoubtedly. Now, the question is – which language to choose for software development? Ultimately, it is up to the developers who have to choose the right one based on their application requirements.
Is Go or C++ better for your coding project? A programming language must help you reach your business goals. Go is best at infrastructures and cloud-based applications, while C++ can handle complex projects such as management software, games, or operating systems.Is Golang written in C++? ›
Golang was formerly written in C but is now written in Go itself. As of December 2013, the Go team announced their transitioning of the compiler to Go. Since February 2015 the implementation of C has been deleted and the compiler is now self-hosting, with the new compiler first introduced in Go 1.5.How much faster is C++ than Golang? ›
C++ vs Go: Performance
Golang can boast speeds of close to four times quicker than it's interpreted and dynamic friends. That said, very little can touch C++ (and most C languages) when it comes to speed. All of the time spent coding and compiling pays off here.
Go provides extremely fast compilation; for example, 15,000 lines of Go client code takes 1.4 seconds to compile. Go is very well designed for concurrent execution (goroutines and channels) and the aforementioned rich standard library covers most of the basic needs, so development is faster.Is Go replacing C++? ›
Google conceived of Go as a replacement for C++, the same motivations behind another major language: Rust. Go's initial approach was celebrated: something straightforward, easy to learn, and simple to understand.Is Golang good for OOP? ›
Go (or “Golang”) is a post-OOP programming language that borrows its structure (packages, types, functions) from the Algol/Pascal/Modula language family. Nevertheless, in Go, object-oriented patterns are still useful for structuring a program in a clear and understandable way.Why is Golang not so popular? ›
It's not the most popular programming language in the world. There are a relatively smaller number of developers using it and there are some good reasons for that. Go is relatively new and immature. It's a bare-bones language lacking a lot of the syntactical sugar that other languages have.Is Golang harder than Python? ›
For most programmers, both Python and Go are easy to learn. Go may be easier to learn simply because it is the more niche, narrow language.Is C# faster than Go? ›
The raw CPU speed of Golang is relatively similar to C#. However, Go code's straightforward design and native compilation use far less memory and compiles much faster than C#'s code.Which language is better than Golang? ›
What language is most similar to Golang? Python is one of the most similar codes to the Go programming language. Both languages are ideal for beginners because they are easy to learn.
Python 3.14 Will be Faster than C++ | by Dennis Bakhuis | Towards Data Science.Is Python faster than Golang? ›
When we talk about performance, we usually mean performance at runtime. Multiple tests show that Go runs up to 30 times faster than Python. Thanks to Go's support for concurrency, it executes calculations significantly faster compared to Python. Go vs Python performance: Golang wins.Why is Go not OOP? ›
Is Go an object-oriented language? Yes and no. Although Go has types and methods and allows an object-oriented style of programming, there is no type hierarchy. The concept of “interface” in Go provides a different approach that we believe is easy to use and in some ways more general.What language is Golang written in? ›
Go has at least two compilers, gc and gccgo . The former was written in C, but is now written in Go itself. While the latter is a gcc frontend written mainly in C++.Why is Golang so fast? ›
Golang doesn't rely on a virtual machine for code compilation and is directly compiled from the binary file. That's why it is much faster than Java when it comes to application development. Golang's automatic garbage collection also contributes to its speed and makes it much faster than Java.Does Golang have a future? ›
But Go's future as a major programming language is already assured—certainly in the cloud, where the speed and simplicity of Go ease the development of scalable infrastructure that can be maintained in the long run.Is Go still worth learning? ›
Is Golang Worth Learning in 2022? Yes, Golang is still worth learning in 2022 as it has experienced an increase in popularity among developers. According to Stack Overflow's 2020 Developer Survey, Golang moved up to fifth place from ninth place in 2019 on the most loved languages list.Which language will replace C++? ›
Some programmers consider popular languages like Rust, Go, D, and Carbon as C/C++ replacements.What is the disadvantage of Golang? ›
Disadvantage – Although it is very simple to use sometimes it displays errors while integrating the GoLang pro with bigger projects. It would then be rash to disregard the other cleverer programming languages that have better bug-battling capacities.Which IDE is best for Go? ›
Visual Studio Code
Integrating the Go extension with Visual code provides exclusive features like IntelliSense, code navigation, symbol search, testing, debugging, and many more that will help you in Go development, making it one of the best IDE for Golang.
What is Golang Useful for? Golang is useful for carrying out programming for scalable servers and large software systems. The Golang programming language was built to fill in the gaps of C++ and Java that Google came across while working with its servers and distributed systems.Can I get a job with Golang? ›
Golang (also called Go) is an in-demand programming language, especially for people working with Google products. Go is used by many big companies, like Uber Medium, Dropbox, Salesforce, Netflix, IBM, and Twitter. Go is a great option for job seekers of all levels.What is the fastest growing programming language? ›
Golang is gaining popularity because of its speed and straightforwardness. Features like its runtime environment, garbage collection, and concurrency approach are loved by most programmers.Is Golang worth learning 2023? ›
Golang is the best. Golang is easy to use and makes testing easier. Golang is faster because it is very similar to C. The code may only work on some systems, and it is only sometimes 100% accurate.How many days it will take to learn Golang? ›
How Long Does It Take to Learn Golang? If you already know C or Java, Golang is easy to learn, and you can start writing programs in just a few days. If you do not know C or Java, it will take you two to three months to learn to use Golang professionally.Is Golang highly paid? ›
Employees who knows Golang earn an average of ₹26lakhs, mostly ranging from ₹19lakhs per year to ₹69lakhs per year based on 85 profiles. The top 10% of employees earn more than ₹40lakhs per year.Is Golang as fast as C++? ›
Speed: Golang compiles codes faster than C++ since it has a simple syntax. Not only that, Golang compiles codes faster with the support of Garbage collectors, concurrency options, Goroutines, and multi-core CPUs. Besides, Golang uses Goroutines and channels for compilation, whereas C++ uses threads.Is Golang faster than Nodejs? ›
Golang uses many strengths of C and C++, moreover, it's lightweight. It is considered a popular programming language choice for backend development with efficient error handling. It certainly runs faster than Node. js.Should I learn Kotlin or Golang? ›
So, if you are going to learn for business go with Kotlin - Java is a bit ancien regime. If you seriously need to learn a language that compiles in ML - for example you will code for IoT - go with Go - or Rust - but keep in mind that Rust is much less used than Go.
Golang is easy to learn and perfect for beginners, and as a newer language, it offers better-optimized features and less time typing. Go code is more compact and doesn't have unnecessary parentheses in its syntax. On the other hand, Java is an object-oriented language with many libraries.Which is better Python or Go? ›
While Python still holds the leading position as the world's most used programming language, Go coding is only on its way to crawling up the ladder. The 2022 study by Statista shows that every second developer is expertise in Python, while only 1 out of 10 specialists use Go in programming.Which is faster Java or Golang? ›
Java is older, object-oriented, and has a larger library and community. Golang is multi-paradigm and better supports concurrency. While Golang runs faster than Java, Java has more features and better support.Is C++ the hardest programming language? ›
The applications such as Google Chromium and a few Microsoft applications are developed using C++. It is one of the hardest programming languages because it has a complex syntax to support versatility. And it is best learned by those who have an understanding of C programming.What is the fastest growing programming language 2022? ›
Which were the fastest-growing programming languages in 2022? Hashicorp Configuration Language (HCL) showed a staggering 56.1 percent growth in 2022. Following closely, Rust showed a growth of 50 percent in 2022 as compared to 2021. Typescript and Lua grew by over 37 and 34 percent, respectively.Which backend language is fastest? ›
Java. Java is an object-oriented, fast and open-source backend language that was made public in 1995. Although Java is famous for constructing desktop applications but it is good at building IoT, Big Data, gaming consoles, Android and web applications.Is Golang good for cybersecurity? ›
Golang: Golang is a popular programming language choice for cyber security professionals who want to specialize in protecting servers and cloud services. Cyber intruders will commonly deploy the Golang language to target IT systems with undetectable malware.Are Golang developers in demand? ›
As per Stack Overflow survey 2021, Go is one of the top paid languages with an average annual pay of $75,669. Over these years, the demand for Golang has dramatically increased.Is Golang good for data science? ›
Go is a systems programming language designed for today's multi-processor computers. It is well-suited for implementing scalable, high-performance systems for data science.Is Golang worth learning 2022? ›
So, yes, definitely Golang is worth learning in 2022 and beyond. Learning Golang or Gol Programming language can boost your career and also help you to get a job at Google, which is the dream of many software developers.
It is a versatile language, so it remains in high demand amongst professionals, such as software developers, game developers, C++ analysts and backend developers, etc. As per the TIOBE index of 2022, C++ lies at 4th position in the world's most popular language.Is Golang in high demand? ›
As per Stack Overflow survey 2021, Go is one of the top paid languages with an average annual pay of $75,669. Over these years, the demand for Golang has dramatically increased.Is Golang high paying? ›
While ZipRecruiter is seeing annual salaries as high as $204,000 and as low as $50,000, the majority of Golang Developer salaries currently range between $114,000 (25th percentile) to $149,500 (75th percentile) with top earners (90th percentile) making $171,500 annually across the United States.Is C++ outdated in 2022? ›
So, the answer is no. C++ isn't going away any time soon. C++ is now one of the most widely used computer languages, with a wide range of applications. Python, Java, and web programming are all intriguing career paths, but C++ programmers are often overlooked and mistakenly believed to be dead.Which coding is best for future? ›
Several leading companies use C++ as a primary programming language for many of its most important applications. These range from operating systems to widely used database software. The majority of Adobe's applications, such as Photoshop and Illustrator, are developed with C++.Does Netflix use Golang? ›
Netflix Uses Golang For Rend Proxy.Is there a shortage of Golang developers? ›
The demand for skilled Go developers is growing day by day as well. Due to this fact, there is a shortage of Go developers in most companies, and they can earn good money if they are hired by a startup.
Golang (also called Go) is an in-demand programming language, especially for people working with Google products. Go is used by many big companies, like Uber Medium, Dropbox, Salesforce, Netflix, IBM, and Twitter. Go is a great option for job seekers of all levels.