How to Create a C++ GUI Application Using Visual Studio? | Simplilearn (2023)

To develop C++ GUI or C++ graphical user interface application, you need an IDE that supports the C++ GUI application. To create the GUI app, you must use Visual Studio 2019 because it is better suited for the C++ GUI application. In this tutorial, you will learn how to create a C++ GUI application in a detailed manner.

How to Create a Project and Configure a Visual Studio to Run a C++ GUI Application?

So, start with creating a project in Visual studio. After opening the visual studio application, you need to select the development settings to Visual C++ and choose the color theme.

Once you are done with that, you need to click on this Create a new project.

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After this, you are going to add a project template, so you must search for CLR Empty Project(.NetFramework). This framework provides information sharing between the .Net and C++ code.

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In the next step, you can write the project's name and select the project's location.

Once you are done with this, you can click on create, and the project will be created.

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Creating Windows Form Application

As the project has been created, now you will build a windows form application and for that, you must create a form file. Click on this Project icon in the upper bar and select Add New item.

How to Create a C++ GUI Application Using Visual Studio? | Simplilearn (4)

After this step, select UI under Visual C++, click on the Windows form, and press ‘add’ to open the form file.

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(Video) Create Your First C++ Windows Form using Microsoft Visual Studio 2022

Now, you will do some additional configurations. Again you must click on Project -> Properties, it will open the configuration properties, and select Linker from there, and from the drop-down, l click on System. On clicking the system the subsystem option will appear, and you have to select that from the drop-down because the Subsystem tells the operating system how to run the .exe file. You will have to select Windows from the drop-down bar.

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After this step, you have to select the entry point. So under configuration settings, choose Advanced and write Entry point as main and click on ok. The entry point means the starting address of .exe file.

Once the configurations are done, click on the Myform.cpp file from the left bar and add the code in this file.

Code:

#include "MyForm.h"

using namespace System;

using namespace System::Windows::Forms;

[STAThread]

void main(array<String^>^ args)

{

Application::EnableVisualStyles();

Application::SetCompatibleTextRenderingDefault(false);

MyProject::MyForm form;

Application::Run(% form);

}

You can paste the above code in the .cpp file. This code shows how the program will execute; MyProject is the project's name; you have to change it according to your project name. In this case, the name of the project is Project2. Similarly, MyForm is the name of the form file; you can change it as well according to the name of your form file and save it.

(Video) Creating Simple GUI C++ program MS Visual Studio

Now, click on Myform.h, and you will notice the coding part is there, but there is no form. So, you must save it and reopen the visual studio after closing it.

After opening the visual studio, you must click on Myform.h, and the windows form will appear as shown in the figure below.

How to Create a C++ GUI Application Using Visual Studio? | Simplilearn (7)

Now, you can check the form by running it, so you can click on the Local Windows debugger button, and if it is running fine, you must proceed to add some buttons to the windows form.

Now, go ahead to learn how to create the C++ GUI application.

C++ GUI Calculator Application

As you have successfully created the windows form, now you will design the calculator application and for that, you need to add some buttons and textboxes on the form. To add textbox, click on the toolbox on the right-hand sidebar and search for textbox. To add the textbox in the form, click on the textbox and release it over the form.

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Once it is added, you can adjust the size of the textbox by clicking on the Properties -> Fonts and adjust it according to your requirements.

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Similarly, you can create another textbox and adjust its size and font. You must create two textboxes because you want two numbers or digits to compute. You can either create the textbox again or copy the first one and paste it into the form.

Then, you can add the label in between both the textboxes as an operator. To add the label, you can again go to the toolbox and add the label from there, adjust it from fonts, and write the text inside it from the text option inside the properties.

After adjusting, the form will look like as shown in the figure.

(Video) C++ GUI: Simple Hello World App with Labels in Visual Studio | WinForms

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Now, you need some buttons to add to this calculator like addition, multiplication, etc. To add the button, click on the toolbox and add buttons from there. Unlike textboxes, you can simply resize the button by clicking on it and adjusting it manually. But to change the text, you have to go to properties -> text and write down the text, like in this case, you must write the symbol +.

Similarly, you will need to add three more buttons for subtraction, multiplication, and division.

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You can also change the color of the text in properties. To display the result, add a label to the form where the calculated result will be displayed, and name it as Result.

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As the layout of the calculator is done, so you will now add the functionality to it.

To add the functionality to the buttons, you need to know the actual names of these buttons or labels. The names can be found out by clicking on the button or label and then clicking on the properties, so the name would be displayed on top of properties. For example, in the below figure, the textbox name is shown. Similarly, the buttons’ names are button1, button2, button3, button4.

How to Create a C++ GUI Application Using Visual Studio? | Simplilearn (14)

Now double-click on the add button(+) to add the functionality.

How to Create a C++ GUI Application Using Visual Studio? | Simplilearn (15)

After double-clicking on the add button, it will open the Myform.h file, and you must create the event handler for this add button whose actual name is button1.

You need to do the addition by clicking this (+) button, so let’s write the following code.

How to Create a C++ GUI Application Using Visual Studio? | Simplilearn (16)

Here, you have declared the variable output which will store the result. The textBox1 is the name of the textbox and the arrow operator gives access to the members of the object. The arrow operator is pointing to Text which means you have to change the text of textBox1. Similarly, you must do it for textBox2 and add both of them.

You know that whatever you write inside the textBox will be a text or can be a string, and you can’t add the strings. So, you need to convert those strings into integers. System::Convert::ToInt16 will convert the string to an integer.

To display the text, write the actual name of the Result label, i.e., label2. Here, you are again using the arrow operator pointing to the text because you want to change the text and print the output.

(Video) Create c++ Windows GUI application Form in Visual Studio 2013 / 2015 / 2017

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To print the result or output, convert the integer to string using System::Convert::ToString(output) because you have already done the computation.

You can also check if the code is working fine by clicking on the Local Windows debugger button and adding the values in the form.

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You have added the functionality for the add(+) button. Similarly, you must double click on the subtraction button and do the same for it as well but only the signs would be different. Similarly, for all the buttons the same actions must be done.

How to Create a C++ GUI Application Using Visual Studio? | Simplilearn (19)

Similarly, you are going to do it for the multiplication and division buttons.

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Once you are done with this, you can check if it is working fine by running it and then doing the addition, subtraction, multiplication, division in the calculator.

How to Create a C++ GUI Application Using Visual Studio? | Simplilearn (21)

If all the operations are working fine, then it means the C++ GUI calculator application is created.

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Conclusion

After reading this tutorial on C++ GUI, you would have understood how to create a project and configure visual studio to run C++ GUI application and the Creation of windows form application. You will also learn how to create a C++ GUI application.

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(Video) Build C++ GUI apps FAST! Your first C++ GUI app!

Do you have any questions regarding this tutorial on C++ GUI? If you do, then put them in the comments section. We'll help you solve your queries. To learn more about C++GUI, click on the following link: C++ GUI.

Happy learning!

FAQs

How do you make a GUI for a C++ program? ›

Then add item add new item. Now here visual c plus plus under visual c plus plus we'll click on ui.

Can I create GUI in Visual Studio? ›

You can develop Java GUI applications in Visual Studio Code easily. To achieve that, you need to install the Extension Pack for Java, which includes all the required extensions to develop Java GUI applications.

How do I create a Windows Form application in Visual Studio 2022 C++? ›

Visual Studio opens your new project.
  1. Open Visual Studio.
  2. On the start window, select Create a new project.
  3. On the Create a new project window, select the Windows Forms App (. NET Framework) template for C#. ...
  4. In the Configure your new project window, type or enter HelloWorld in the Project name box. Then, select Create.
1 Sept 2022

Is C++ good for making GUIs? ›

Yes C++ is a good language for doing GUI programming. You have many options for libraries to use for making GUIs.

Which GUI framework is best for C++? ›

The Best 1 of 15 Options Why?
Best cross-platform C++ GUI toolkitsPricePlatforms
-- QtFree / paidUNIX/Unix-like (X11, Wayland), macOS, Windows, Windows UWP, Android, IOS/tvOS/watchOS, WebAssembly, Haiku
-- FLTKFreeWindows, Linux, Mac
-- Ultimate++FreeWindows, Linux, Mac
-- JUCEFree / paidWindows, Linux, Mac, iOS, Android.
1 more row
22 Oct 2022

Is GUI in C++ hard? ›

C++ GUI programming requires a good reference manual on a framework such as Win32, MFC, Qt, etc. and is generally harder to learn.

Does Visual Studio have GUI for C++? ›

To develop C++ GUI or C++ graphical user interface application, you need an IDE that supports the C++ GUI application. To create the GUI app, you must use Visual Studio 2019 because it is better suited for the C++ GUI application.

Which language is best for GUI? ›

Best Programming Language for Graphical User Interfaces
  1. Python. Python is a high-level programming language used as a general-purpose language. ...
  2. GUI library. The GUI library contains widgets. ...
  3. Python GUI. When you write an application using Python, you need to use the GUI for that.
12 Oct 2020

How do I create a desktop app using Visual Studio? ›

Visual Studio opens your new project.
  1. Open Visual Studio.
  2. On the start window, choose Create a new project.
  3. On the Create a new project window, select the Windows Forms App (. NET Framework) template for Visual Basic. ...
  4. In the Configure your new project window, enter HelloWorld as the Project name. Then, select Create.
1 Sept 2022

How do I create a Windows form application in C++? ›

Creating a new Windows Forms Project
  1. Run Visual Studio.
  2. Pull down the File menu and choose New Project.
  3. Open up the Visual C++ folder (this may be located in the “Other Languages” folder) on the left hand side. ...
  4. Give the new application a name: FtoC. ...
  5. Click the OK button to create the new blank Form1.

Is Windows form application dead? ›

Thanks to the utility, easy code, simple drag, and drop design interface, … Win Form has been used to develop many applications. Because of its high age (born in 2003), WinForm was officially declared dead by Microsoft in 2014.

Is Python or C++ better for GUI? ›

If you are asking about GUI libraries written in pure Python or C++ then C++ clearly has upper hand.

Is GUI programming easy? ›

Creating “some GUI” is easy. Creating one that works well requires experience, effort and time. Main issue is that its very easy to draw a screen and consider the job done, but good GUI takes into account a lot more: You need understand the way people think and map their process to GUI.

Is it easier to make a GUI with Python or Java? ›

Both the languages are equally capable of giving you tools that will help you in creating GUIs with great look and feel. If you are writing your core application in Python, design your GUI in Python or vice-versa.

Does C++ have a GUI library? ›

And Yes, C++ does have good libraries for GUI. They are libraries, just like stdio, just not being a part of C/C++ standard library set, they may not by default be already in your C/C++ library set, in which case you'll have to get those yourself and add there.

Does C++ have GUI libraries? ›

Boost. UI is a C++ User Interface (GUI) Boost library that is cross-platform, uses native system-provided widgets, has STL-like and Boost-like API, is compatible with other Boost libraries and supports modern C++11/14/17 features.

Which is better QT or wxWidgets? ›

If you are comparing wxWidgets with Qt, wxWidgets literally stands no where. Qt is a complete framework where you can write code and generate GUI for Linux, Windows, MAC, Android, IOS and even blackberry, and other embedded systems.

What is the most valuable coding language to learn? ›

So, What's the Best Programming Language to Learn?
  • If you're looking for something easy: Python.
  • If you want a solid foundation to make you a master developer: C.
  • If you're looking for a job or want to make mobile apps: Java.
  • If you want to try front-end development: Javascript.

Which is harder C++ or Java? ›

Most experts will tell you that Java is easier to learn. It's a newer language than C++ and isn't as complex in its principles or execution. However, there's more to consider than a language's learning curve. Selecting a programming language comes down to what you want to do with it.

Is C++ or Java more useful? ›

Overall, C++ can be used for almost anything, but it's not always necessary to use it. Java is usually sufficient and can be much more effective for your project. You can find more developers who know Java, and you'll be able to find more developers to pick up where your former developer left off if you part ways.

How do you program a GUI? ›

15.2. GUI Programming
  1. Create the icons and widgets that are displayed to a user and organize them inside a screen window.
  2. Define functions that will process user and application events.
  3. Associate specific user events with specific functions.
  4. Start an infinite event-loop that processes user events.

How do you code a game in C++? ›

Making a C++ Game with No Experience! - YouTube

Can C++ be used for Web development? ›

Web development with C++

C++ might be used on the backend of a web application for certain tasks that require high performance processing. But the most popular frameworks for building and delivering websites to users are usually written with higher-level languages like Python, Ruby or Javascript.

What other programming languages can be used to create GUI applications? ›

Java seems to have the best built in support for GUI programming, however, C++ using the MFC libraries has more than adequate tools for GUI development and may be a better choice when speed and efficiency are important.

Is C good for GUI programming? ›

All operating systems are written in C. So, any application, console/GUI you write in C is the standard way of writing for the operating system.

What language are most Windows applications written in? ›

Microsoft's Windows kernel is developed mostly in C, with some parts in assembly language. For decades, the world's most used operating system, with about 90 percent of the market share, has been powered by a kernel written in C.

How do I create a project code in Visual Studio? ›

If the Visual Studio development environment is already open, you can create a new project by choosing File > New > Project on the menu bar. You can also select the New Project button on the toolbar, or press Ctrl+Shift+N.

What's the difference between Visual Studio and Visual Studio code? ›

Visual Studio vs Visual Studio Code - Differences

Visual Studio is an Integrated Development Environment, also known as an IDE. Visual Studio Code is a code editor. A developer can easily edit their code. VS is slower when it comes to performing across different platforms.

What tool does Visual Basic allow to create an application form? ›

An important part of Visual Basic is the ability to create Windows Forms applications that run locally on users' computers. You can use Visual Studio to create the application and user interface using Windows Forms. A Windows Forms application is built on classes from the System.

How do you create a GUI using C++ with Qt platform? ›

# Step 1 : Go to file -> new -> Project ->QtGUIApplication->(Change the name of your project) and attention to your Project Location! -> OK ->Next->Next-> Finish. Then you have to click right on Generated File in the Solution Explorer to add ui_Example_1. h file.

Which programming language is best for GUI? ›

Best Programming Language for Graphical User Interfaces
  1. Python. Python is a high-level programming language used as a general-purpose language. ...
  2. GUI library. The GUI library contains widgets. ...
  3. Python GUI. When you write an application using Python, you need to use the GUI for that.
12 Oct 2020

What is GUI coding? ›

GUI stands for Graphical User Interface, and refers to computer programs that provide a visual means for users to interact with an underlying application or system. For example, the GUIs on our mobile phones allow us to interact with different functions through the display, which we can touch, tap, and swipe on.

What is difference between C# and C++? ›

C++ is typically used for console applications. C# is used to develop mobile, windows, and console applications. C++ code gets converted into machine code directly after compilation. C# code gets converted into intermediate language code after compilation.

How do I create a Qt application? ›

Creating Qt Quick Applications
  1. Select File > New Project > Application (Qt) > Qt Quick Application > Choose.
  2. In the Project Location dialog, Name field, enter a name for the project. ...
  3. In the Create in field, enter the path for the project files. ...
  4. Select Next (or Continue on macOS) to open the Define Build System dialog.

What is the use of Qt C++? ›

Qt is a cross-platform application and UI framework. Using Qt, you can write applications once and deploy them across desktop, mobile and embedded operating systems without rewriting the source code. Qt is partly C++ and partly native code depending on platform.

Does C++ have a GUI? ›

To develop C++ GUI or C++ graphical user interface application, you need an IDE that supports the C++ GUI application. To create the GUI app, you must use Visual Studio 2019 because it is better suited for the C++ GUI application.

Is Python or C++ better for GUI? ›

If you are asking about GUI libraries written in pure Python or C++ then C++ clearly has upper hand.

Is GUI programming easy? ›

Creating “some GUI” is easy. Creating one that works well requires experience, effort and time. Main issue is that its very easy to draw a screen and consider the job done, but good GUI takes into account a lot more: You need understand the way people think and map their process to GUI.

How do you write a GUI program? ›

Tkinter Programming

Import the Tkinter module. Create the GUI application main window. Add one or more of the above-mentioned widgets to the GUI application. Enter the main event loop to take action against each event triggered by the user.

How do you make a GUI program? ›

An GUI program has the following structure:
  1. Create the icons and widgets that are displayed to a user and organize them inside a screen window.
  2. Define functions that will process user and application events.
  3. Associate specific user events with specific functions.
  4. Start an infinite event-loop that processes user events.

What is a GUI example? ›

GUI examples include computer monitors, smartphones, tablets, gaming systems, or other consoles. The program on the device continuously checks the screen to find the location and movements of the pointing devices on the screen.

How much time do you need to learn C++? ›

You can expect to master the syntax of C++ in about two to three months if you devote about 10 hours every week to learning C++. However, to become highly proficient at programming in C++, expect to spend at least one year studying full-time.

Why is C++ harder than C#? ›

Difficulty. Many professionals believe that C++ is very complex, whereas C# is easy because of its well-defined class hierarchy. Because C# is a high-level programming language , its code is easy to read. This is key for beginning developers, as they might enjoy the language's simple hierarchy.

What is fastest programming language? ›

Top 12 Popular Fastest Programming Languages. C Language. C++ Rust. Dart.

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